When talking about the holy grail of pike fishing, there are few freshwater experiences more electrifying than catching a pike on the fly. For many anglers, targeting northern pike on the fly can offer some of the most aggressive takes that you will find anywhere in the world; a defining factor that makes them an incredible species to target. Imagine yourself standing in your boat sight fishing the grass edges in the shallows for a merciless predator. You throw out a fly that’s as long as your forearm. Then, watching your retrieve, the calm water surface suddenly erupts in a violent explosion as the visual take of a pike destroys your fly with tremendous speed and power.
Pike is a lethal fish because they prey on just about everything ranging from other fish, birds, rodents, and amphibians. Named for their resemblance to the ancient pole-weapon known as the pike, this ambush predator’s attack mimics their namesake. They will lie and wait, holding perfectly still for long periods until their prey comes near. Being the fastest accelerating freshwater fish, when they do go for the fly, it happens incredibly quickly exhibiting remarkable acceleration as they strike. For them, the hunt is always on.
Where to Find Pike in the Water
So how does an angler go about catching one on the fly?
First, you need to understand where they will be lingering in the water.
Pike are found primarily in sluggish streams and shallow, weed beds, and aquatic grasses in lagoons and lakes. You will also find them in areas near big drops. As territorial, predatory fish, they will often cruise these areas on the hunt. Often you’ll be able to see them from your casting platform on the boat. They will be in plain view being completely still. For the most part, the location, the conditions, and type of water are really going to be your best factors for getting a pike to eat your fly.
Generally speaking, pike like being in the sunshine. They can be found in shallow water and being cold-blooded animal, they use heat to get themselves active and into feeding mode. Sight fishing can be very effective on days where water is clear, however, it’s not uncommon to blind cast on overcast and rainy days. If it’s an especially cold day, pike may be slightly more sluggish and less inclined to feed.
Choosing the Right Flies for Pike
Typical flies used to target pike can be anywhere from 6-18 inches in length. They can vary from topwater flies like mouse, frog, or popper patterns to using variations of streamer flies made from deer hair, rabbit fur, and lots of feathers wrapped around big hooks. Usually, the flies used are big and flashy to entice a strike. At times the uglier and the bigger the fly is, the better!
Topwater patterns are very effective because they churn up water and make noise. When you cast using a topwater pattern like a mouse, frog or popper and start stripping, pike aggression will kick in and they will suddenly b-line straight for it.
Sometimes you’ll even see the fast-moving wakes from 2, 3, or even 5 pike chasing your fly all at once.
Equipment For Pike Fishing on the Fly
Like all successful destination fly fishing trips, the right preparation and equipment will be crucial.
Anglers need to be able to cast big rods and flies consistently over a long period of time. A good pike set up at Midnight Sun is a 10wt rod with a floating or intermediate line using a straight 65lb wire leader. You won’t find these professional guides using mono or butt sections in their setups. Neglecting to use wire leaders, your gear will immediately be shredded from these fish, while heeding the advice of using a wire leader will enable you to really play them hard and land them quickly.
Mixing up your approach tends to work well. By reading what the fish are doing, you can see how they are reacting. If you don’t get a reaction the first time, put it back in there! You can throw your fly out again interchange between slow and fast stripping techniques which will often entice a strike. In trophy pike fishing areas like Midnight Sun, fish won’t be very spooky. It’s not uncommon to have fish eat right at the boat.
Practicing your casting beforehand is really beneficial to increasing your trip success. Being able to huck a big rod with a big fly over an extended period of time is important. Most shots an angler can expect to make will be within 20-30 feet from your boat.